The model shown in Figure 11.6 below (about publishers and books) serves as our running example for a unidirectional functional association in this tutorial. Notice that it contains the unidirectional many-to-one association Book-has-Publisher.
We may also have to deal with a non-functional (multi-valued) reference property
representing a unidirectional non-functional association. For instance, the unidirectional
many-to-many association between
Author shown in Figure
11.7 below, models a
multi-valued (non-functional) reference property
Figure 11.7. The Publisher-Book-Author information design model with two unidirectional associations